The Penn Family
Admiral Penn's armour, coat of arms and crest are on prominent display in St Mary Redcliffe Church, Bristol. Until very recently there also hung the three flags of Admiral Penn as well as one of the red flags denoting him as one of Cromwell's generals. The coat of arms is interesting. He seems to have just assumed the arms of 'The Penns of Penn, County Buckinghamshire', with whom he had no family ties, without any authority. There is also a marble memorial tablet to Admiral Sir William Penn with text written by his son, William Penn, the text of the plaque reads thus:
To Ye Just Memory of Sr. William Penn, Kt & Sometimes Generall;
borne at Bristol In 1621 son of Captain Giles
Penn severall years consul for ye English in ye Mediterranean of the Penns of Penn Lodge in the County of Wilts & those Penns of Penn in ye County of Bucks & by his Mother from ye Gilberts in ye County of Somerset, Originally of Yorkshire. Addicted from his youth to maritime affairs he was made Captain at ye years of 21. Rear-Admirall of Ireland at 23, Vice Admirall of Ireland at 24. Admirall to ye. Straightes at 29. Vice Admirall of England at 31 a Generall in ye First Dutch Warres at 32 whence retiring in Ano.1665. He was chosen a Parliament man for ye Towne of Weymouth 1660 made Commissioner of ye Admiralty & Navy Govoner of ye Towns and Ports of King Sail Vice Admirall of Munster & a member of
that Provinciall Councell and in Ano. 1664, Was Chozen Great Captain Commander Under his Royall Highness: In ye signall & most Evidently Successful fight against the Dutch Fleet. Thus he took his Leave of the Sea his old element, But Continued still His other Employs till 1669: at which Time: Through Bodily Infirmitys. (Contracted by ye Care & Fatigue of Public Affairs) He Withdrew Prepared & Made for his end, & and with a Gentle & Even Gale in much peace arrived & anchored in his Last and Best Port, at Wanstead In ye County of Essex ye 16 Sept 1670 being then but 49 & 4 months old To whose Name and Merit his surviving Lady Hath Erected this Remembrance"
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In the name of God Amen I Sir William Penn of London knight being of perfect minde and memorie doe make this my last will and Testament this twentyeth day of January in the year of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and sixtie and Nyne And in the one and twentyeth yeare of the reigne of our Sovereigne Charles the Second by the Grace of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the ffaith etc in manner following And first I doe hereby revoke admiss and make voyde all and every former and other last Will and Testament devise and devises bequest and bequests by me heretofore at any tyme made or published My soul I humbly recomend into the merciful hands of my Beloved Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ beseeching him that through his merritts I may be made partaker of Life Eternal My body I commit to the Grave to be buried in the Parish church of Redcliffe within the Cittee of Bristoll as near unto the body of my deare Mother deceased whose body lyes there interned as the same conveniently may be And my will is there shall be erected In the said Church as near unto the place where my body shall bee buried as the same can be contrived A Hansome and Decent Tombe to remain as a Monument as well for my said Mother as for my Self the charges thereof To be defrayed by my Executor hereinafter named out of my personall estate I doe hereby devise the same as followeth And first I doe will and devise unto my deare Wife Dame Margaret Penn to be paid unto her imeadiately after my decease the summe of Three hundred pounds stirling together with all my jewells other than What I shall hereinafter particularly devise And I doe also give and bequeath unto my said Deare Wife the use and occupation during her life of one full moyety of all my Plate and household stuffes and likewise all Coaches and Coach-horses or Coach-mares and all such Cowes I shall happen to Have at the tyme of my decease. Item I doe will and bequeath unto my younger sonne Richard Penn the summe of four thousand pounds stirling together with my Favritt Dyamond Ring and all my Swords Gunns and Pistolles The said four thousand pounds so bequeathed unto my said sonne Richard to be paid and payeable unto him as soone as He shall arrive at the Age of one and twenty yeares and not sooner And my Will is that in the meantyme And untill Richard shall arrive at the said Age of one and twenty yeares my Executor hereinafter named shall pay unto my said sonne Richard out of my personall estate the yearly summe of one hundred and Twenty pounds which I hereby devise unto him for his support and maintenance untill He shall attain the Age of one and twenty yeares and no longer Item I doe will and devise unto my Deare Grande-daughter Margarett Lowther the summe of one hundred pounds stirling unto my two nephews James Brashaw and William Markham to each of them tenn pounds stirling unto my two nephews James Bradshaw and George Markham to each of them five pounds stirling unto my Cosin William Penn son of George Penn late of the fforest of Brayden in the County of Wilts gent Deceased The summe of ten pounds stirling unto my cosin Elianor Keene The yearly summe of six pounds stirling to be paid unto her yearly during her life by my Executor out of my personall estate by quarterly payments at the four most usuall quarterly feasts or quarterly days of payment in the yeare Item I will and bequeath unto my late Servant William Bradshaw forty shillings to buy him a Ring unto my servant John Wrenn five pounds stirling unto the Poor of the Parish of Redcliffe aforsaid in the Citte of Bristoll aforsaid twenty pounds stirling And unto the Poor of the Parish of St Thomas in the same Citte of Bristoll twenty pounds stirling I doe also Will and Devise to my eldest Sonne William Penn my Gold Chain and Medall with the rest and residue of all and Singular my Plate household stuffe Goods Chattles and personall estate not hereinbefore devised to be used By my deare wife during her life from and after the decease of my said wife And I do hereby constitute Declare nominate and appointe my said Sonn William Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament and doe hereby appointe at my ffunerall to give mourning to my Deare Wife my said Sonne Richard my Daughter Margaret Lowther and my sonne in lawe Anthony Lowther the husband of my said Daughter unto Doctor Whistler and his wife and unto such of my servants as my said Deare Wife shall for that purpose nominate the said mourning to be paid for out of my personall estate hereby devised unto my said Executor And although I cannot apprehend that any difference my fall out or happen Betweenand my said Deare Wife and my said sonn William after my decease in regard to anything by me devised or submitted by this my will in Relation to any other matter or thing Whatsoever yet in Case any such differences should arrise I doe hereby request and desire and in my right require conjoin and Direct my said Deare Wife and my said sonn William by all the Obligations of Duty affection and respect Which they have and ought to have for me and my memory That all Such Differences of what nature or kinde soever they shall bee by the joynt Concents and submission of my said Dear Wife and my said sonn William bee at all tymes and from tyme to tyme refered to the deliberation and finall judgement and Determination of my worthy ffriende Sr William Coventry of the parish of St Martin in the ffields in the County of Middlesex whom I doe hereby instruct to take uppon himself the determination of all and every such difference and differences as shall from tyme to tyme or at any tyme after my decease shall be referred unto him Awards and determinations by my said Deare wife and my said sonn William Penn for the totall prevention of all suites in Lawe or equity which upon any occasion or misunderstanding might otherwise happen betweene them In Witnesse whereof I have unto this my last will and Testament sett my hand and seale this day and yeare first above written and doe publish and Declare this to be my last will and Testament in the presence of those whose names are subscribed as witnesses hereunto.
Signed sealed declared and Published after these words viz the use and occupation during her life of Betweene the seaventh and eight lines And these words viz as alsoe the said Goods and premises devised to be used by my said deare wife during her life from and afterthe decease of my said wife betweene the seventeenth and eighteenth lines were intersigned in the presence of R. Langhorn John Radford William Markham
Probatum fuit etc
Proved 6th October 1670
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Source: "PHILADELPHIA AS WILLIAM PENN KNEW IT, 1684. Commemoration of the 250th Anniversary of the first arrival, October 28, 1682, of William Penn in America1682-1932. Prepared for the Program Committee, Albert-Cook-Myers-Chairman, Philadelphia-- 1932.
"Drawn by William Wilson Pollock with the historical collaboration of Albert Cook Myers."
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NEW CASTLE, 30 8br 1701
Newcastle on Delaware, 30 8br 1701
Because it is appointed for all men once to dye, and yt their days are in the hand of ye Almighty their Creator, I think fitt upon this present voyage to make my last will testament, which is as follows:
Since my estate, both in England and Ireland, are either entailed or incumbred, my wil is, that whch is saleable, be sould for payment of my just Debts, and all my household stuff, plate, and linen, not given or disposed of to my children by their relations, and if there should be any overplus, that it goe equally to my son William and daughter Laetitia, as
to my estate in Europe, be it Land, houses, or moveables, except my gold chain and meddall. sch I give to my son William; and except such estate as I had with or since I Married this wife, ffor my estate in America, it is also encumbered, but not with the tenth part of true value thereof--I mean of the Province of Pennsylvania and counties annexed--when that incumbrance is discharged, I give my son William all my sayd Province and Territorys, to him and his Heirs forever as proprietary and Govern. But out of or rather in the sayd soyle thereof, I give to my Daughter, Laetitia Penn, one hundred thousand acres, seaventy of sch out of or rather the sayd province, and ten thousand acres out of or rather in each of the Lower Countys of the Territorys.
I also give to my son John one hundred and fifty thousand acres, of wch one hundred thousand in the Province, and fifty thousand acres in the Lower Countys; and I also bequeath to him my tenth or Proprietary ship of Salem tenth or County in West New Jersey, to my sayd son John and his heirs forever, with all rents, Proffits, and Interests therein.
I also will that the Childe my De: wife, Hannah Penn, now goes with, shall have one hundred thousand acres if a boy, a seaventy thousand if a Girle, in the Province aforesd: all which Land so given shall lye between Susquehanagh River and Delaware River, and to be taken up within twelve months after my death. If my encumbrances can be discharged in yt time, or so soon as they are: but so as that the sayd Lands be not above = 80 = miles above a due west line, to be drawn from Philadelphia to Susquehanah
River, and to be layd out in ye way of townships, and to pay to my son William one silver shilling for every township of five thousand acres when taken up forever, in lieu of all demands and services, hereby requiring my sayd son William to erect all of any part of ye aforesayd Lands into mannors, with due powers over their own Tennants, according to my sayd children's respective agreements with them, when they or any for them
require the same.
Addendum and comments by Horace D. Satcher firstname.lastname@example.org
"..I give to my Servts, John and Mary Sach...[this is as written in the book I have taken this from] three hundred acres between them; to James Logan one thousand acres, and my blacks their freedom, as under my hand already; and to ould Sam 100 acres....."
John and Mary Sach... are John SATCHER (SOTCHER or SACHAR) and wife Mary LOFTIS steward of Pennsbury Manor from 1701 until around 1710 (some variations of actual departure date.) They are mentioned in later correspondence of William and Hannah Penn as well as correspondence of James Logan.
"...& my blacks their freedom, as under my hand already...."
The note reads:
"This is the only one of William Penn's extant wills that contain such a provision. Neither his will of 1705 nor his last will of 1712 repeated this resolution, and, though William Penn freed some slaves during his lifetime, others passed to his heirs at his death."
See: The Papers of William Penn, Volume Four 1701-1718, Editors, Craig W. Horle - Alixon Duncan Hirsch - Marianne S Wobeck - Joy Wiltenburg. General Editors: Richard S. Dunn, Mary Maples Dunn. University of Pennsylvania Press,1987.
Quakers Friars which housed the Quakers Meeting House is also to be found on the map.
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